Understanding When to Seek Treatment for Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are extremely common, especially in women who are menstruating. They’re fluid-filled sacs that form in or on your ovaries, the almond-sized organs that develop and mature a woman’s eggs. Usually, these cysts are tiny, cause no pain, and are completely harmless. They disappear on their own without treatment and cause no complications.

In some cases, however, ovarian cysts can cause problems that require treatment. If an ovarian cyst ruptures, it can be a serious condition with painful complications.

Causes of concern

Dr. Emil W. Tajzoy may detect an ovarian cyst during a routine pelvic exam. But if it’s not causing you pain, he won’t recommend treatment.

Large cysts may make you feel bloated, cause pelvic pain, or create feelings of fullness or heaviness in your abdomen. They may even cause painful intercourse or heavy, painful periods.

A ruptured cyst can lead to severe abdominal or pelvic pain and internal bleeding. A large cyst has a greater chance of rupture. Ovarian torsion may occur when large cysts cause your ovary to move, causing extreme pain, fever, and vomiting. These complications are rare, however.

Seeking treatment

If you have small cysts that aren’t causing any issues, Dr. Tajzoy will probably just advise you to wait and watch. He may recommend you get another exam in a few months to determine if a cyst went away on its own. Simple ultrasounds can show whether a cyst has grown in size.

If you have chronic cysts, Dr. Tajzoy may recommend hormonal contraceptives to keep them from recurring. The pill won’t shrink existing cysts, however.

In cases in which a cyst is exceptionally large and poses a risk of torsion or rupture, Dr. Tajzoy may recommend surgery to remove it. He may also recommend removing a cyst that continues to grow through several menstrual cycles or causes pain.

Cysts that aren’t functional but are of a concerning type may also require surgery. These include dermoid cysts, which can contain tissue such as hair and teeth because they form from embryonic cells, and endometriomas, which are a form of endometriosis.

In rare cases, ovarian cysts may be cancerous — especially if they form after menopause. You may need to have your uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries removed if cancer is present.

Any ovarian cysts that develop after menopause, cancerous or not, likely should be removed.

Surgery may involve excising the cyst and leaving the ovary intact. In some cases, Dr. Tajzoy may suggest removing an entire ovary but leaving the other in place.

When surgery is required, Dr. Tajzoy uses laparoscopic techniques that are minimally invasive and performed on an outpatient basis.

Women in Dallas, Texas, who are suffering due to ovarian cysts can trust Dr. Tajzoy to help them find relief or address any other gynecological concerns and issues. Call the office or schedule an appointment online if you have a cyst that’s causing you pain or concern due to its size.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Understanding Postpartum Depression

If you’ve recently given birth, it’s normal to experience a bit of the baby blues. But for some women, those blues develop into postpartum depression. If you suspect you or a loved one has postpartum depression, here’s what you need to know.

What Goes Into a Well Woman Exam?

A well woman exam is a vital component of your gynecological health. If you’ve been putting off your annual exam, or are anxious to go to your first one, learn more about what you can expect at this holistic, routine exam.

What Is the Next Step After an Abnormal Pap Smear?

As National Cervical Cancer Awareness Month reminds us, routine Pap smears are important for good health. But what happens if your tests come back abnormally? Learn more about what to expect following an abnormal Pap smear.